Dr. Sharif Ahmed Mukul

Associate Professor , Department of Environment & Development Studies

ROOM: 712

PABX: 7201

Email: mukul@eds.uiu.ac.bd


  • PhD in Environmental Management (The University of Queensland, Australia)
  • PGDip in Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism (The World Bank Institute, USA)
  • MSc in Agricultural Development (University of Copenhagen, Denmark)
  • MSc in Tropical Forestry and Management (Technical University of Dresden, Germany)
  • MSc (Thesis) in Forestry (Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh)
  • BSc (Hons.) in Forestry (Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh)


Associate Professor: Department of Environment and Development Studies, United International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh (January 2023-);

Senior Research Fellow: Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia (October 2018–April 2020);

Assistant Professor: Department of Environmental Management, Independent University, Bangladesh (January 2017-August 2019);

Postdoctoral Research Fellow: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia (September 2015-December 2016);

Academic SupervisorSchool of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Australia (July 2014–September 2016).

Staff Consultant: The World Bank Group (Environment and Natural Resources, Global Practice), USA (Oct. 2015-Oct. 2016).

Research Fellow: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Australia (January 2012 – August 2015).

Research Fellow: East-West Center, Hawaii, USA (January 2006 – August 2006).

Research interests

  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Carbon Forestry
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Environmental Management
  • Environmental Policy
  • Climate Change

Other responsibilities

Courtesy Research Assistant Professor (June 2020-): Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University, Florida, Miami, USA ;

Adjunct Senior Research Fellow (May 2020-): School of Science, Technology and Engineering (SSTE), University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia;

Associate Editor: Journal of Applied Ecology (British Ecological Society/Wiley, Impact factor: 6.87); Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (Frontiers, IF: 4.5); Biodiversity and Conservation (Springer, IF: 4.29); Sustainability (MDPI; IF: 3.89); Ecology & Evolution (Wiley, IF: 3.17);

Excecutive Director (2022-): BioCarbon International – a global think tank dedicated to achieving carbon neutrality through nature-based solutions;

Executive Member and Scientist (2021-): Alliance of Leading Environmental Researcher & Thinkers (ALERT);

Advisor; Nature-based Climate Solutions (2019-): International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD), Dhaka, Bangladesh;

Board of Trustee Member (2019-): Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) Trust, Dhaka.



Mukul, S.A. 2020. Identifying threats to Sundarbans – the world’s largest mangrove forest. Talk at ‘BES Festival of Ecology’ organised by the British Ecological Society on December, 2020.

Mukul, S.A. 2020. Human-wildlife conflict and co-existence in a crowded planet: experience from Bangladesh. Invited talk at Int’l. Webinar – Green Growth Strategies for Climate Resilience and DRR: Policies, Pathways and Tools, organised by National Institute of Disaster Management (India) and Institute for Social and Economic Change (India) on November, 2020.

Mukul. S.A. 2020. Impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on environments and green recovery plan for Bangladesh’, invited talk at Int’l. webinar – Build Back Better: How Bangladesh can better address UN SDGs in a post pandemic world?, organised by Centre for Peace Studies, North South University (Bangladesh) on October, 2020.

Mukul, S.A. 2020. Impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on wildlife and conservation. Invited talk at Int’l. Webinar – COVID-19 impacts and implications on environment, Central University of Jharkhand, India on September, 2020.

Mukul, S.A. 2020. Is environment the missing link in humanitarian work? Impacts of humanitarian development after Rohingya influx in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Invited talk at workshop – Beyond the Crisis Narrative: Rohingya statelessness and its implications for Bangladesh, UC Berkeley, USA, February, 2020.

Mukul, S.A. 2019. Environmental impacts of Rohingya refugee influx in Bangladesh: Creating opportunities to advance environmental, humanitarian, and development progress. Talk at Int’l conference – Rohingya Crisis in Bangladesh: Challenges and sustainable solution, July, 2019.

Mukul, S.A. 2019. Forest landscape restoration in the context of the Rohingya influx: creating opportunities to advance progress in Cox’s Bazar. Plenary talk in national workshop – ‘Reflection on Rohingya Crisis: since and beyond’ held in Dhaka, Bangladesh on April 30.

Mukul, S.A. 2019. Can natural regeneration be a cost-effective restoration strategy in the upland Philippines? Oral presentation in international conference – ‘Forests and Landscape Restoration: making it happen’ held in Manila, Philippines on February 2019.

Mukul, S.A. 2018. Forest management and conservation in tropical developing countries – lessons from Bangladesh. Public lecture under USC’s ‘Forests for the Future lecture series’ on August 2018 in University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia.

Mukul, S.A. 2018. Mitigating human-wildlife conflict in tropical trans-boundary landscapes: the case of human-elephant conflict in Bangladesh, India and Myanmar. Oral presentation in ‘Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) Conference Asia‘ held in September 2018 in Dehradun, India.

Mukul, S.A., Saha, N. 2018. Conservation benefits of tropical multi-functional land-uses in and around a forest protected area of Bangladesh. Oral presentation in 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC 2018) held in Sarwak, Malaysia held on July 2018 in Sarawak, Malaysia.

Mukul, S.A., Alamgir, M. 2017. Modeling spatial distribution of Asian elephant, Bengal tiger and Hoolock gibbon in Bangladesh forest ecosystems under a changing climate. Oral presentation at ‘Young Scientists Meeting on the Effect of climate change on biodiversity’ Organized by The World Academy of Science (TWAS)  on October 2017 in University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. 2017. High resilience of tropical forest diversity and structure after shifting cultivation in the Philippines uplands. Oral presentation at IUFRO 125th Anniversary Congress held on September 2017 in Freiburg, Germany.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. 2017. High resilience of tropical forest diversity and structure after anthropogenic disturbance in southeast Asian rainforests, (oral presentation), ‘Inaugural Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative Conference – Forest Research in the Big Data Era’ held on September 2017 in Beijing Forestry University, China

Mukul, S.A. 2017. Forest carbon estimate and REDD+ implications in Bangladesh. Oral presentation at  ‘The Gobeshona Conference for Climate Research in Bangladesh‘ held at Dhaka, Bangladesh during 08-11 January, 2017.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J. 2015. Measuring and mapping threats to forests: issues and opportunities with an example from Bangladesh. Oral presentation at  ‘American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2015‘ held at San Francisco, USA during 14-18 December, 2015.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J. 2015. FELT Forests – A novel carbon payment scheme for improved livelihoods and better management of swidden fallow secondary forests in the developing tropics. Oral presentation at ‘1st Annual FLARE Network Conference‘ held at Paris, France during 27-29 November, 2015.​

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. 2015. Co-benefits of biodiversity and carbon from degraded secondary forests following shifting cultivation in the Philippines: implications for forest restoration and community development. Oral presentation at ‘Small-scale and community forestry– changing nature of forest landscapes’ held at Sunshine Coast, Australia during 11-15 October, 2015.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J. 2015. Divergent estimates of biomass carbon in southeast Asian rain forests: a Philippines study. Oral presentation at ‘ATBC 2015Resilience of island systems in context of climate change’ held at Hawaii, USA during July 12-16, 2015.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J. 2014. Biodiversity and ecosystem carbon budget in the upland landscapes following shifting cultivation by small-holder kaingin farmers in the Philippines. Oral presentation at ‘IUFRO 2014 World Congress – sustaining forests, sustaining people, the role of research’ held at Salt Lake City, USA during 5-11 October 2014.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. 2014. Neglecting conservation value of degraded tropical landscapes? tree diversity following shifting cultivation in the upland Philippines. Oral presentation at ‘ATBC 2014 – the future of tropical biology and conservation’ held at Cairns, Australia during 20-24 July 2014.

Mukul, S.A., Gregorio, N., Baynes, J., Herbohn, J. 2013. The future of reforestation programs in tropical developing countries: insights from the Philippines. Oral presentation at ‘The Australia New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics (ANZSEE) Conference 2013: opportunities for the critical decade, enhancing well-being within planetary boundaries’ held at Australian National University, Canberra during 11-14 November 2013.

Mukul, S.A., Rashid, A.Z.M.M., Uddin, M.B., Herbohn, J. 2013. Efficacy of forest law enforcement and incentive based conservation to prevent illegal logging in developing countries: experience from Bangladesh. Oral presentation at ‘2013 Earth System Governance Tokyo Conference: complex architectures, multiple agents‘ held at United Nations University, Japan during January 28-31, 2013.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J. 2012. Linking ethics, ecology and the economics in land-use decisions: towards and integrated approach for global sustainability. Oral presentation at ‘2012 World Conference on Natural Resource Modelling‘ held on July 9-12, 2012 in Brisbane, Australia.

Rashid, A.Z.M.M., Craig, D., Mukul, S.A. 2011. Shifting paradigm of governance in the natural resource sector of Bangladesh: centralist to pluralistic approach in forest protected areas management. Oral presentation at International Conference ’40 Years of Bangladesh: Retrospective and Future Prospects’. Organized jointly by ‘Institute of Governance Studies, BRAC University’ and ‘University of Bath, UK’, held during November 26-29 at Savar, Bangladesh.

Rashid, A.Z.M.M., Mukul, S.A., Craig, D. 2011. A journey towards better governance: status and prospects of collaborative management in the protected areas of Bangladesh. Oral presentation at – ‘First Bangladesh Forestry Congress 2011- Forestry for Better Living’. Organized jointly by ‘Bangladesh Forest Department’ and ‘Ministry of Environment and Forests’, held during April 19-21 at Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mukul, S.A. 2010. The efficacy of forest law enforcement and economic incentives to prevent illegal logging in developing states: lessons learned from in and around two conservation area of Bangladesh. Oral presentation at ‘18th Commonwealth Forestry Conference – Restoring the Commonwealth’s Forests through Tackling Climate Change (Session: Building better institutions and governance)’. Organized by ‘Commonwealth Forestry Association, UK’, held during 28 June – 2 July, 2010 at Edinburgh, UK.

Mukul, S.A., Munim, S.A. 2010. Urban landscape dynamics and consequences on local biodiversity in a north-eastern district of Bangladesh: an analysis of small farm owners’ preference and attitudes. Paper presented in ‘URBIO 2010 – the 2nd International Conference on Urban Biodiversity and Design’. Organized by ‘Japan Association for Landscape Ecology’, held during 17 – 22 May, 2010 at Nagoya, Japan.

Mukul, S.A. 2008. The role of traditional forest practices in enhanced conservation and improved livelihoods of indigenous communities: case study from Lawachara National Park, Bangladesh. Oral presentation at 1st international conference on ‘Forest Related Traditional Knowledge and Culture in Asia’ held in Seoul, Korea during 5-10 October, 2008.

Mukul, S.A., Uddin, M.B. 2008. Understanding changing consumption and marketing pattern of non-timber forest products in a competitive world: case study from an urban area of north-eastern Bangladesh. Oral presentation at  ‘FORTROP II International Conference: Tropical Forestry Change in a Changing World’ held at Bangkok, Thailand during 17-20 November, 2008. 12 p.

Mukul, S.A. 2008. Traditional homegardens and domestic biomass fuel consumption pattern in the developing world: The case of a south-central rural village of Bangladesh. Oral presentation at ‘World Bioenergy 2008’ held at Jönköping, Sweden during 27-29 May, 2008.

Mukul, S.A., Quazi, S.A. 2007. Communities in Conservation: Changing protected area management and enhanced conservation in Bangladesh. In: Leslie, R.N. (ed).  Oral presentation at  ‘The Future of Forests in Asia and the Pacific: Outlook for 2020’ held in October 16-18, 2007 at Chiang Mai, Thailand, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).



Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. 2015. Rapid recovery of tree diversity over forest structure in post-kaingin secondary forests in the Philippines. Poster presentation at – Student Conference on Conservation Science 2015 (SCCS – Australia) organized by the University of Queensland, Australia during 19-29 January 2015. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Byg, A. 2012. Swidden cultivation in the central hills of Nepal: local perceptions and factors affecting change. Poster presentation at – ‘Planet Under Pressure – new knowledge towards solutions’ Conference organized jointly by ‘International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme’ and ‘Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford’ during March 26-29, 2012 at London, UK. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Saha, N., Thompson, E. 2011. The role of contrasting agroforestry land-uses on organic carbon storage and woody biomass allocation in tropical forests of Bangladesh. Poster presentation at – ‘Geo-Carbon Conference: Carbon in a changing world. Held during October 24-26, 2011 at – FAO, Rome, Italy. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Byg, A. 2011. Land-use Change in the Central Hill Districts of Nepal with Special Interest on Shifting Cultivation: local perceptions and factors of change. Poster presented at – ‘Euroleague Scientific Students Conference 2011– Can agriculture feed the world?. Held during October 20-21, 2011 at – Wageningen University and Research, Netherlands. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Saha, N. 2011. Trade-offs between Plant Biodiversity and Management Intensification. Poster presentation at – ‘SCCS-NY 2011. Held at – ‘American Natural History Museum, New York, USA’ during October 12-14, 2011. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Saha, N. 2011. Ecological Trade-offs between Plant Biodiversity, Land-use and Management Intensification in Agroforestry Landscapes of Bangladesh. Poster presentation at – ‘Tropentag 2011– Development on the margin’. Held at ‘University of Bonn, Germany’ during October 5-7, 2011. [poster]

Mukul, S.A., Saha, N. 2010. Contribution of indigenous agroforestry systems in biodiversity conservation and ecosystem functioning: Experiences from four contrasting systems of Bangladesh. Poster presentation at ‘XXIII IUFRO World Congress – Forests for the Future: Sustaining Society and the Environment (Session: Agroforestry for climate change adaptation)’. Organized jointly by IUFRO and Korea Forest Research Institute, held during August 23-28 at COEX, Seoul, Republic of Korea. [poster]

Mukul, S.A. 2010. Biodiversity conservation and ecosystem functioning in contrasting tropical agro eco-systems of Bangladesh. Poster presentation at – ‘Student Conference on Conservation Science (SCCS 2010). Organized by ‘Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge’, held during March 23-25 at University of Cambridge, UK. [poster]

Mukul, S.A. 2008. Integrating biodiversity conservation and livelihood provisions in protected area management: understanding stakeholders view on role and prospects of non-timber forest products, A Bangladesh case study. Poster presentation at international conference; ‘Towards sustainable land-use in tropical Asia’ organized jointly by ‘Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation’ & ‘Japan Society of Tropical Ecology’ held at Sarawak, Malaysia during 23-26 April2008. [poster]


Journal Papers


Social-ecological and institutional factors affecting forest and landscape restoration in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

Biodiversity ConservationEnvironmental PolicyForest Restoration

Publication: Land Use Policy

Author List: I. Sobhan, M.K. Hossain, R. Ahammad, R. Hasan, S.R. Biswas, S.A. Mukul,

Implications of changing urban land use on the livelihoods of local people in northwestern bangladesh

Publication: Sustainability

Author List: Hamidul Huq, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Sharif A. Mukul,

Anthropogenic disturbance modifies tree functional traits in the only remnant swamp forest of Bangladesh

Publication: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Author List: Ariful Khan, Fahmida Sultana, Karishma Sinha, Md Rezaul Karim, Mohammad Golam Kibria, Mohammed, Mohammed A. S. Arfin-Khan, Sharif A. Mukul,

Looking beyond the political boundaries: an integrated inventory of invasive alien flora of South Asia

Ecosystem ServicesEnvironmental PolicyForest Restoration

Publication: Biological Invasions

Author List: Anzar Ahmad Khuroo, Asad Shabbir, Bharat Babu Shrestha, C. Sudhakar Reddy, Dorjee, Iram Mujahid Iqbal, Irfan Rashid, P. Sujanapal, Ruquia Gulzar, Sajad Ahmad Wani, Sudheera M. W. Ranwala, Tabasum Hassan, Sharif Ahmed Mukul,